• Clause 5 stipulated that the terms of the instrument are immutable and cannot be changed by amending a law, etc., without the J&K legislator being accepted by an additional instrument. He then signed the instrument of accession in November 1948. [21] The state of Jammu and Kashmir, which bordered both India and Pakistan, decided to remain independent. He offered to sign status quo agreements with both dominions. Pakistan immediately agreed, but India requested further talks. The new delegation obtained only minor amendments to the previous draft agreement. [12] It stipulated that all administrative agreements and arrangements that existed at the time between the British Crown and Nizam would be maintained with the Government of India. These include defence, foreign affairs and communication (the three issues normally dealt with in the instrument of accession). Agents would be exchanged between Hyderabad and India. The Indian government has agreed to relinquish the functions of primacy. The standstill agreement should remain in force for a period of one year. [13] The agreement was signed by Nizam on November 29, 1947. [14] However, within 12 days of signing the status quo agreement with Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan wrote a warning message to the Maharaja on August 24: ”The time has come for the Maharaja of Kashmir to make his choice and choose Pakistan.

If Kashmir does not join Pakistan, the most serious difficulties will inevitably arise. On the 12th. In August 1947, J&K sought a status quo agreement with India and Pakistan, stating, ”The government of Jammu and Kashmir would welcome a status quo agreement with the Union of India/Pakistan in all matters where agreements exist with the outgoing government of British India.” The princely state of J&K had been placed under British superiority in 1846 by the Treaty of Amritsar, signed between the East India Company and Maharaja Gulab Singh, the founder of the Royal Dogra dynasty, who paid 7.5 million Rupees Nanakshahi and bought the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh Wizarat (consisting of Baltistan, Kargil and Leh). and added it to Jammu, who was already under his rule. Gilgit Wizarat (including the regions of Gilgit and Pamiri) was later conquered in the war by the Dogra War against the Sikhs. The Nizam of Hyderabad, which had already received a three-month extension to make new arrangements with the Dominion of India, wrote to the Indian government on September 18 that it was ready to conclude an association agreement with India. But he claimed that membership would lead to unrest and bloodshed in the state. [7] On October 11, Hyderabad sent a delegation to Delhi with a draft status quo agreement, described as ”sophisticated” by V. P. Menon, secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Minister of State Vallabhbhai Patel rejected any deal that would not fully cede defence and foreign affairs to the Indian government. On the advice of Governor-General Louis Mountbatten, Menon prepared a new draft agreement, which was sent back with the Hyderabad delegation.

Nizam`s Executive Council discussed the agreement and approved it by six votes to three. Nizam expressed approval, but delayed the signing of the agreement. [8] The complex history of the state – some of which is so well listed in this column – requires that it be treated with a light touch, not with a beating ram. Meanwhile, the fact that J&K`s status quo agreement with India was in limbo was interpreted by Pakistan as meaning that the state of Pakistan would eventually join it. On September 4, 1947, General Henry Lawrence Scott, commander of the Jammu and Kashmir state forces, complained of several covert attacks from Pakistan and asked the Maharaja`s government to raise the issue with Pakistan. On the same day, J&K Prime Minister Janak Singh officially complained to Pakistan, calling for ”immediate action.” The standstill agreement was distinct from the instrument of accession, which had been formulated around the same time by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and was a legal document that included a surrender of sovereignty to the extent specified in the act. [1] Significantly, the agreement did not provide for the Dominion of India to deploy Indian forces in the state, while British India had maintained various quarters, particularly in Secunderabad, as part of its ”subsidiary alliance” with the state. Over the next 6 months, Indian troops were withdrawn from the state. [15] Kashmiri author P.N. Bazaz wrote in his book Inside Kashmir: ”In general and from a bourgeois point of view, the Dogra reign was a Hindu Raj.

Muslims have not been treated fairly, that is, as fair as Hindus. First, because, unlike all faiths to treat all classes equally, it must be openly admitted that Muslims were treated harshly in some respects only because they were Muslims. The Kalat Khanate, on the western outskirts of Pakistan, has also decided to remain independent. It has signed a status quo agreement with Pakistan. Menon was then flown to Jammu to advise the Maharaja on the government`s point of view, then the Maharaja finally signed the instrument of accession on October 26, and Menon returned to Delhi with Mahajan. .

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